Welcome to the Condoms and Lubricants page of the National STD/AIDS Control Programme of Sri Lanka. This page provides information on condoms and lubricants to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV.


Condoms are widely used barrier methods of contraception (prevent unplanned pregnancies) and common, simple modes of HIV and STD prevention. It is important to use a separate condom every time you have sex, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

Studies suggest that condoms are 90-95% effective in STI and HIV prevention when used correctly and consistently. Also, consistent condom users are 10-20 times less likely to become infected with HIV than inconsistent or non-users of condoms.

Condoms are made up of several materials, Latex rubber, Polyurethane etc. When using a condom, it is important to check the date of expiry, open the package carefully, and make sure there are no tears or holes.

Islandwide HIV and STD clinics provide male and female condoms made up of latex rubber, free of charge. Occasionally, latex can cause allergic reactions in very few numbers of individuals.


Lubricants are liquids or gels that reduce the friction, pain, genital trauma and condom breakage during sexual intercourse (especially in anal sex).

There are various types of lubricants as:

  • Water-based (safe to be used with latex condoms)
  • Silicone-based (safe to be used with latex condoms)
  • Oil-based (weaken and break latex condoms)
  • Combinations

Certain lubricants contain additives that give specific desired properties, such as colours, flavours, and fragrances.

It is important to apply the lubricant on the outside of the condom, and avoid using oil-based products, such as lotions, creams or petroleum jelly, as they can weaken the condom and cause it to break.

NSACP provides access to free condoms and lubricants through the island wide STD clinics and community-based organizations/NGOs. We also offer educational resources on how to use condoms and lubricants correctly, including videos, brochures, and posters.

Let’s work together to promote safe and healthy sex for all.